6 Powerful Yoga Hand Mudras (Poses) for Optimal Health

Start practicing one of these 6 Powerful Yoga Hand Mudras (poses) and find miraculous improvement in your health!

Use these ancient Indian Yogic hand mudras when you meditate or do pranayama, according to the medical symptoms you’ve and find great changes in your health.

1. Prithvi Mudra


The word ‘Prithvi’ is taken from Sanskrit, which means earth, one of the major elements comprising our body. This mudra serves to increase the proportion of earth element in our system while decreasing the proportion of fire element. As such, it is a great pose for addressing problems relating to hair, weight, and muscles.

How to Do

  • Rest the tip of your ring finger with the tip of your thumb.
  • Exert slight pressure from both fingers and ensure to touch the skin, not the nails.
  • Maintain the other fingers in an erect position.

Benefits of Prithvi Mudra

  • This mudra initiates the growth of hair by stimulating the hair follicles.
  • Since it increases the earth element in the body, it causes considerable weight gain in people who are very thin.
  • It provides relief from burning sensations and ulcers.
  • It helps strengthen the bones, cartilage, and muscles. It boosts general health of the skin as well.
  • It fortifies the immune system of the body, allowing it to fight long-standing illnesses with greater efficacy, and precludes the onset of autoimmune disorders.

Duration of Practice

Performing the Prithvi mudra for 30-45 minutes every day can lead to noticeable improvement in disease symptoms. However, people suffering from Kapha Dosha (imbalance of bodily fluids) should do this mudra in moderation.

2. Vayu Mudra

vaayu mudra

The Vayu mudra is practiced to equalize the air element in our body. It contributes to a feeling of calmness, and influences oxygen transportation across the system, thereby keeping respiratory failures and gastric problems at bay.

How to Do

  • Rest the tip of your index finger on the frontal tip of your thumb
  • Bend your thumb so that it touches lightly on your bent index finger.
  • Maintain the other fingers in a straight position

Benefits of Vayu Mudra

  • This mudra is useful for curing ailments related to the stomach such as heartburn, indigestion, and acidity.
  • It is believed to provide relief from involuntary tremors arising in Parkinson’s disease.
  • It can be used to alleviate pain in victims of polio.
  • If you feel bloated or uneasy after a heavy meal, you should do the Vayu Mudra while sitting in the Vajra Asana.
  • Consistent practice helps alleviate any illness related to the bones, such as arthritis and knee pain. It also eases discomfort in back pain.
  • It is also perfect for feeling relaxed and erasing negative feelings.

Duration of Practice

Perform the Vaayu mudra for as long as the condition you are trying to resolve persists. You can practice it for 15 minutes each day to negate the occurrence of problems associated with the imbalance of air element within the body.

3. Shunya Mudra


The word ‘Shunya’ is used in Sanskrit for emptiness. This hand yoga gesture is done to eliminate feelings of emptiness in the body and balance out the proportion of different elements such as fire, air, water, sky, and earth. It’s particularly recommended for people with vertigo, minor ear aches or a dull throbbing pain in various parts of the body.

How to Do

  • Rest the tip of your middle finger on the base of your thumb and let the thumb exert gentle pressure on the middle finger. Maintain the remaining three fingers in erect form.
  • If you’re new to hand mudras, you may face difficulty keeping your fingers straight, but if you continue with the practice, soon the pain will dissolve.

Benefits of Shunya Mudra

  • Alleviation of pain in the ear, tinnitus, vertigo, as well as acquired deafness.
  • Elimination of perpetual feelings of emptiness in the head, chest, and abdomen.
  • Appropriate for balancing out the elements in people with tri-dosha.
  • Used in many Ayurveda treatment for diseases caused due to excess of ‘Vata‘ or the air element.

Duration of Practice

For best results, practice this mudra for a minimum of thirty minutes every day. You can complete it in a single session, or three separate sessions of 10 minutes each.
Discontinue the mudra after seeing an improvement in your condition.

4. Gyan Mudra


The word ‘Gyan’ represents knowledge in Sanskrit. This hand mudra is a powerful gesture for resolving deep-seated mental disorders. It enhances cognitive abilities, and you start to feel more aware of the realities of the world.

How to Do

  • Switch off all electronic gadgets around your vicinity and sit down for meditation in a calm place.
  • Take a few deep breaths, and sit straight.
  • Rest your hands on both your knees and then bring your thumb and forefinger forward, so that they touch each other.
  • Ensure that you touch the skin and not the nail.
  • Maintain all other fingers in an erect and relaxed position.

Benefits of Gyan Mudra

  • This yoga gesture helps in improving concentration and eliminates dullness, recklessness, lack of creativity, as well as any limiting habits like procrastination and paranoia.
  • It stimulates the brain by helping in blood flow and allows retention of information. Thus, it’s a must for people suffering from various nervous system failures such as Alzheimer’s disease.
  • It helps in treating ailments like hypothyroidism, hypoadrenalism, hypoparathyroidism and other similar conditions.
  • This exercise gives a boost to the air elements in the body. As such, it helps is resolving respiratory issues, and stimulates the hormonal system to function better, thereby alleviating joint stiffness.
  • It helps to provide relief from various muscular problems like myopathies, paralysis, hemiplegia, paraplegia, myasthenia gravis, etc.

Duration of Practice

Gyan Mudra manifests best results when practiced every day for 20-30 minutes preferably in the early morning.

5. Varun Mudra


The Varun Mudra serves to restore water balance to the body, by stimulating fluid circulation and keeping it moisturized. This leads to healing on many levels.

How to Do

  • Sit on the ‘Lotus’ posture and relax.
  • Place the tip of your little finger on your thumb and exert gentle pressure.
  • Make sure you’re touching the skin and not the nail.
  • Keep the rest of the fingers in a relaxed position

Benefits of Varun Mudra

  • It helps in providing relief from dehydration issues.
  • Consistent practice leads to resolution of any issues relating to urinary discomfort, hormone deficiency or nervous bladder.
  • It helps to activate the salivary glands in the mouth, thereby alleviating mouth dryness, cheilosis, and absence of taste sensations.
  • By removing blocks in fluid communication, it brings about mental healing and allows relationships to thrive.
  • It is also perfect for easing conditions like Inflammatory bowel syndrome and constipation.

Duration of Practice

The best thing about Varun Mudra is that there is no set duration for its practice. You can do it for any length of time and anywhere. Just ensure to sit cross-legged as it enhances the efficacy of the mudra.

6. Akash Mudra


Akash mudra is known to counteract the absence of space element in the body. Without space, the heart ceases to function well, as do the ears and joints. This mudra is also perfect for those times when you just want to rewind and forget about the woes of the world for a while.

How to Do

  • Sit cross-legged on a mat on the floor.
  • Join the frontal part of your middle finger with the tip of your thumb.
  • Maintain the remaining three fingers in an extended position.

Benefits of Akash Mudra

  • It is beneficial for people with heart ailments, as well as issues related to blood pressure.
  • It is useful for curing minor ear aches and otorrhoea.
  • It helps in providing relief from vertigo by restoring balance.
  • It enhances spiritual power and makes you feel fearless and better equipped to face the complexities of life.
  • It makes your bones and joints stronger.

Duration of Practice

Perform Akash mudra preferably in the morning for 15-30 minutes. Practicing daily at the same time renders maximum benefits.

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